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关于社区矫正人员管理生活费事宜的建议

2016-09-28      来源:成都市金牛区政务网

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关于社区矫正人员管理生活费事宜的建议
 
    社区按照金牛区人民检察院工作报告,提出以下方案:由于社区系群众性的组织,工作经费与管理力度不能控制管理好送回社区矫正的人员,其原因为:其一送回社区矫正的人员无业无收入,无居住处,回社区后由于无收入吃饭问题、就医问题、居住问题均是放矢社区的一个大负担。其二:由于是矫正人员,无法享受民政上的一切优惠待遇,因此,社区矫正人员在社区中,社区无能力保障本人的基本生活,导致造成恶性循环,给矫正人员造成了不良生活的后果。
    建议:
    在采取送入社区矫正的人员,根据本人的实际情况无论从哪方面研究,如何解决矫正人员的基本生活费和基本医疗,以保证矫正人员在社区矫正中得到妥善的安置。
 
成都市金牛区司法局关于对区六届人大七次会议
第77号建议答复的函
 
刘素琼代表:
    您提出的“社区矫正人员管理生活费事宜”的建议收悉。我局高度重视,十分感谢您对社区矫正工作的关心和支持。经研究办理,现答复如下:
    一、金牛区社区服刑人员管理基本情况
    金牛区社区矫正工作按照《社区矫正实施办法》、《四川省社区矫正实施细则》、《成都市社区矫正人员监督管理办法》等相关政策法规规定,坚持以人为本工作理念,以监督管理和教育帮助相结合,不断改进工作方式、方法,实行制度化管理、人性化矫正,切实推进了金牛区社区矫正工作的有序、规范开展。社区矫正工作自2012年底由公安派出所监管移交至司法行政机关监管至2016年3月底,累计接收社区服刑人员1008人,期满解除矫正703人,目前在册数305人。在全区在册社区服刑人员305人中,存在少数服刑人员无固定住处、无稳定经济来源、无业、身体残疾、患有严重疾病等情况,亟待社会救助。但是,在现有的法律法规、制度框架下,社区服刑人员不符合国家社会救助范畴,因此,对特困、特殊社区服刑人员的帮扶工作面临着困境。这些困境不仅在成都范围内存在,而且在全国也普遍存在。                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
    二、社区服刑人员帮扶工作面临的困境
    (一)部分群众对社区服刑人员帮扶工作不理解。部分群众认为对社区服刑人员进行帮扶不合理。例如社区为无处居住的社区服刑人员提供住处或协助其申请廉租房此类最基本的帮扶却遭到部分群众的质疑与反对,他们认为社区服刑人员是触犯了法律的罪犯,是对社会造成危害的人,应受到惩罚而不应受到帮扶。
    (二)社区服刑人员面临社会保障制度排斥。在社会救助制度方面,社区服刑人员的帮扶面临着一些宏观环境与制度层面上的困境。按照相关规定,社区服刑人员不能获取低保,解除劳动合同或开除公职两年内不能提取公积金等。社区服刑人员面临的经济困难直接导致他们陷入生存困境,极易导致其思想不稳定,甚至又犯罪,也给社会稳定带来一定隐患。
    (三)社区服刑人员重新就业遭遇制度瓶颈。目前的就业前政审制度是社区服刑人员重新就业面临的最大困境。一般用人单位在录用员工之前会要求应聘者出具一份由公安机关开具“无犯罪记录证明”,只有符合这一条的应聘者才有可能被用人单位录用。许多社区服刑人员因为这项就业前政审制度被用人单位拒之门外,有些已经就业的社区服刑人员在当初应聘时隐瞒了自己的犯罪记录,一旦被用人单位知晓,一般的结果都是被辞退。
    三、促进社区服刑人员帮扶措施
    (一)倡导社会力量参与,营造帮扶救助氛围。我局将加强向社会公众宣传社区服刑人员帮扶工作。一是宣传社区矫正帮扶理念,使社会公众明确社区矫正帮扶是国际刑罚人道化、人性化的发展趋势,体现了以人为本的理念,符合我国建设和谐社会的思想,有利于提高罪犯改造质量,减少社区矫正人员重新犯罪,促进他们顺利回归社会。二是宣传社会公众参与社区矫正的重要性,使他们认识到投身于社区服刑人员帮扶中的作用,增强他们的主动性与责任感。三是充分利用电视、广播、报纸、网络、短信、社区宣传橱窗等媒介进行社区矫正帮扶工作宣传,增进社会公众对社区矫正及志愿服务知识的了解,增强社会公众参与社区矫正帮扶的热情。
    (二)拓宽帮扶渠道,带动困难人员自食其力。将帮助社区服刑人员重新就业作为工作重点,同时大力开展家庭关系、社会适应、心理健康等方面的帮扶,帮助社区服刑人员自食其力、顺利在社区开展矫正,避免重新违法犯罪。一是协调劳动部门为社区服刑人员提供就业培训和岗位推荐。二是帮助社区服刑人员树立合适的就业观念。建议、引导社区服刑人员根据的文化程度、劳动技能来选择相应工资水平和相关行业的工作。三是加强心理矫治理,提升矫正效果。我局于2015年6月通过政府购买服务,在4个街道试点引入社会组织参与社区矫正非执法类服务。充分利用专业人才优势,在入矫和日常监管环节,坚持对社区服刑人员开展心理评估与矫治,取得了较好效果。
    (三)加强部门协作,加大帮扶救助力度。我局将加强与民政、财政、卫生、教育等部门沟通协作,探索建立金牛区社区服刑人员临时救助机制,对就业、就学、就医等方面存在困难的社区服刑人员进行救助。对符合临时救助条件的对象,采取现金与实物相结合的方式,给予非定期、非定量生活救助,缓解其基本生活的暂时困难。探索与市场和质量监管部门协作,以建立就业安置基地、争取企事业单位赞助等方式加大帮教救助力度。同时,我局将积极向上级有关部门反映工作现状、存在困难,呼吁从制度层面建立社区服刑人员救助机制。
    感谢您在社区矫正工作中作出的大量艰苦细致的工作和努力,希望继续提出宝贵的意见和建议。您对以上答复有什么意见,请填写在《办理情况反馈意见表》上,以便我们及时改进。

链接:金牛法院 | 金牛检察院
 
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